On 24 November 1991, the Yugoslav People’s Army occupied Čepikuće, a village on the Dubrovnik coast along the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
When the Battle of Dubrovnik began on 1 October, and even moreso when Slano was occupied on 4 October, Čepikuće was the place where the aggressor’s army broke its neck for two months in its attempt to conquer it. Čepikuće had become a mythical and invincible place, the “Herzegovinian Vukovar” as described by journalist Dražen Drašković of the “Pobjeda” newspaper from Podgorica in Montenegro:
Čepikuće. When we first heard that name sometime in the early days of October, our hands were on our heads, gripping the disbelief and pain as our minds sought an answer for the victims of the Herzegovinian war. They have continued to live in each of our texts since then, in each military story, in the mother’s mourning and father’s lament and of course, in our need for revenge.
After new Yugoslav People’s Army (YPA) offensives, the fall of this small village of only 80 households on 24 November 1991 was greeted with general enthusiasm in Montenegro. Interestingly, the “Pobjeda” newspaper dedicated a series of articles to Čepikuće while YPA soldiers enthusiastically sang “Oh, Tuđman, is it possible, that your Čepikuće has fallen?” and it was announced that with the fall of Čepikuće, the path to Zagreb was clear! General Vladimir Boljević especially praised General Radomir Eremija, Commander of the Titograd Corps, for the victory:
Your direct engagement in and command of the attack on Čepikuće is but one example of your personal courage. It was a pleasure to carry out every task for a commander of such unique quality.
After the fall of Čepikuće and occupation of the coast west of Dubrovnik, enemy forces came within reach of Ston. In occupying Ston, the YPA would be able to strategically surround and occupy the Pelješac peninsula and enable easier penetration of its forces into the Neretva Valley. Fortunately, this did not happen and Croatian forces launched a counterattack the following year. One of their first successes in those operations was the liberation of the village of Čepikuće in May 1992.
Graduated with a Master’s Degree in History from the University of Zagreb. He has worked at the Croatian History Museum and as a researcher for the popular TV Calendar program for Croatian Radio and Television. He has authored several books and documentaries about Croatia’s Homeland War and is the creator/producer of the immensely popular “It Happened on this Day – Homeland War” Facebook page as well as the online portal Domovinskirat.hr. Borna also edits the Braniteljski.hr portal and is the host and editor of the daily segment “Patriotic Minutes” on Croatian Catholic Radio. He created CroHis to promote the values of the Homeland War and ensure that the sacrifices of those who defended Croatia’s independence would not be forgotten.